I was listening to some music on Spotify earlier, which I’ve set to scrobble to last.fm. Which made me think – both last.fm and Spotify allow you to stream customised internet radio channels. And yet, the two collaborate.
In the Spotify client, there’s a last.fm app, which lets you play its recommendations and your ‘loved’ tracks. And, as mentioned before, any tracks you play in Spotify can be scrobbled, so that they show up in your last.fm library.
And on last.fm’s web site, most tracks will have a ‘listen to this track in Spotify’ button.
This is, arguably, an example of ‘coopetition‘, where two competitor companies co-operate – the word is a portmanteau of cooperation and competition. A similar word, ‘frenemy‘, is portmanteau of friend and enemy. Both services have competing features, but also collaborate to each others’ mutual benefit.